Try our corporate solution for free!
(212) 419-8286

American Civil War - Statistics and Facts

Published by Aaron O'Neill,
The American Civil War was the deadliest military conflict in the history of the United States, claiming almost as many U.S. lives as all other wars combined. Most historians accept that the primary cause of the war was the issue of slavery, particularly whether slavery should be extended into new states. As migration and industrialization along the eastern seaboard increased, the North grew less dependent on slave labor; the issue of slavery then changed from an economic to a moral issue. While slavery was gradually abolished in the North, nationwide abolition threatened the elites' livelihoods in the predominantly agricultural South, where slave labor was essential for maintaining economic output.

Abraham Lincoln's victory in the 1860 election saw the secession of eleven states from the Union, and the formation of the Confederate States of America. Five border states remained neutral throughout the war, however their citizens enlisted in both armies, which occasionally saw family members opposing one another on the battlefield. By 1862, both forces developed into two of the most advanced armies in the world; these developments were reflected in the increased ferocity and scale of the battles as the war progressed, such as Antietam and Shiloh.

General Robert E. Lee took command of the Army of Northern Virginia in 1862, and used his tactical prowess and leadership skills to hold the southern border against (predominantly larger) Union forces. It was at this time that Ulysses S. Grant also emerged as the most successful General in the Union Army. Following Grant's decisive victories in the Vicksburg Campaign, Lee focused the Confederacy's attacks on the eastern front. After victory at Chancellorsville, Lee invaded the North, but his forces were met by General George Meade's Army of the Potomac at the Battle of Gettysburg. This was a decisive victory for the Union, but was the costliest battle of the war, and is seen by many as the war's turning point.

Following his victories in the Chattanooga campaign, Grant was promoted to Lieutenant General, and then focused his attention on defeating Lee. In 1864, Grant's Overland Campaign pushed Lee's forces back through Virginia, at great cost to both sides. It was at this time that the Union's superior manpower, resources and mobility proved decisive in determining the war's outcome. The Union army was able to replace their casualties with new conscripts, due to a higher population, and their financial reserves meant they could afford to pay recruits more than their opponents. Grant's war of attrition, and heavy losses at battles such as the Wilderness and Spotsylvania, caused many disheartened Confederates to desert. By early 1865, the Confederate cause was lost, and on April 9, General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant, effectively ending the war.

Five days later, as part of a wider conspiracy to assassinate the Union leadership, President Lincoln was shot and assassinated by John Wilkes Booth. The assassination was met with condemnation from many Confederate leaders, and cast a shadow over the nation's relief at the war's ending. Vice President Andrew Johnson then ascended to the presidency, before Ulysses S. Grant was elected in 1868. A period of Reconstruction followed until 1877, however, the legacy of the war and slavery continue to be felt today. Nationwide emancipation was achieved on December 6, 1865, though most African Americans (particularly in the South) saw no progress beyond this until the civil rights movement in the 1950s and 1960s, while racial inequalities continue to be reflected in the U.S. socioeconomic landscape.

Interesting statistics

In the following 4 chapters, you will quickly find the {amountStatistics} most important statistics relating to "American Civil War".

American Civil War 1861-1865

Dossier on the topic

All important statistics are prepared by our experts – available for direct download as PPT & PDF!

Key figures

The most important key figures provide you with a compact summary of the topic of "American Civil War" and take you straight to the corresponding statistics.





Get in touch with us. We are happy to help.
Statista Locations
Contact Hadley Ward
Hadley Ward
Sales Manager– Contact (United States)

Mon - Fri, 9am - 6pm (EST)

Contact Ziyan Zhang
Ziyan Zhang
Customer Relations– Contact (Asia)

Mon - Fri, 11:30am - 10pm (IST)

Contact Kisara Mizuno
Kisara Mizuno
Customer Success Manager– Contact (Asia)

Mon - Fri, 9:30am - 5:30pm (JST)

Contact Lodovica Biagi
Lodovica Biagi
Director of Operations– Contact (Europe)

Mon - Fri, 9:30am - 5pm (GMT)

Contact Catalina Rodriguez
Catalina Rodriguez
Key Account Manager - LAC– Contact (Latin America)

Mon - Fri, 9am - 6pm (EST)